How to Store Petrol and Diesel Safely?
How to store petrol and diesel? Any motorist asks this question sooner or later: it is very prudent to have a fuel supply. But will the liquid be just as effective after several years of storage and in which containers is it better to do this?
When can a fuel supply be useful?
A small fuel canister is useful in many situations. This is invaluable in the event of an unexpected shortage of fuel and when supplying gas to garden tools, such as mowers, tractors or chainsaws. However, these are not all situations in which fuel canisters can be useful.
During a virus outbreak, when governments recommend restricting travel from home, storing additional fuel in cans can be of great importance. Thanks to this, you will limit your visit to the gas station, and if you work in the garden, you will not have to make unnecessary trips.
The fuel supply will be useful, for example, when crossing borders, when there is a risk of being stuck in a long traffic jam for many hours. In this situation, it is better to have a full tank of fuel, but a small 5-liter canister will also be useful.
Which canister to choose: plastic or metal?
Most canisters available at gas stations or supermarkets are. They are inexpensive and well suited for transporting small amounts of fuel to home mowers or chainsaws. An important advantage is that they are transparent (or have a scale), so you can easily control the amount of fuel. Unfortunately, they are relatively unstable and can leak.
To store more petrol or diesel fuel, it is worth using metal canisters of a larger capacity, for example, a volume of 10 or even 20 liters. Metal fuel canisters are very durable, shockproof and equipped with a vent. Fuel storage in them is the safest.
However, it should be noted that the metal canister for gasoline must be protected with a special anti-corrosion paint. Rust in the fuel can clog the fuel filter or damage the engine.
Gas canister capacity
What fuel canister capacity to choose? The most convenient canisters are those with a capacity of 5 and 10 liters. However, if you plan to store a large amount of fuel, choose a 20 or 30 liter canister. Although 40 or 50 liter canisters are also available, picking up and handling them can be quite problematic, especially if they are completely full.
The design of the canister is also important. Good-quality metal cans are equipped with refueling handles in various positions. Convenience will also be provided by funnels attached to the canister, which will allow refueling directly into the tank.
How long can petrol and diesel be stored?
Properly stored fuel can be stored even for several years. Diesel oil has the highest eternity (up to 8 years), while petrol has a slightly shorter shelf life of up to 2 years.
In the long run, water, paraffin and other substances that can damage the engine can be released from the fuel. Fuel life can be extended by using fuel stabilizers.
Fuel canisters should be stored in a cool and dry place, away from the sun and heat sources. Stocks should be done in winter when refineries add fuel cleaning agents to help start the engine at low temperatures.
Before using long-stored fuel, make sure that it is free of rust or other contaminants. A good idea is to pour it through a funnel with a filter. If you intend to store different types of fuel, do not forget to clearly label the cans.
The consequences of improper storage of petrol and diesel
What happens to fuel fluid during inappropriate long-term storage? The fact is that the main property of any fuel is to release energy during combustion. As a result of long-term storage, this property is lost. What exactly happens to fuel and what causes its quality to deteriorate?
Over time, the octane number decreases, and the number of resins increases significantly. This happens due to the contact of hydrocarbons contained in the fuel with oxygen. Resins create viscous compounds of brown color. When using such fuel, these compounds cover the surface of the parts in contact with them – carburetor, valves, fuel tank walls, etc. As a result, a well-functioning system of interaction between car parts and the fuel system is violated.
How to transport fuel?
Of course, you should always have a spare canister with fuel in the trunk of the car, and preferably two. But how to transport them correctly, if, for example, when the car is moving, several canisters that are standing tight will come into contact with each other and with other objects and become thinner in the places of contact? If you transport g petrol in aluminum cans, this is fraught with a breakthrough of the container – it is better to use plastic containers. However, you should be careful and not to forget about static electricity. For safety, lay the cans with dense fabrics or rubber – they cushion all contact.
Tags: diesel, driving, petrol